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Anatolia: Land, Men, and Gods in Asia Minor: Celts in Anatolia and the...

Book review: This is the first comprehensive study of the history of Asia Minor in antiquity to be written for nearly fifty years and the first attempt to treat Anatolian history as a whole over the millennium from the time of Alexander the Great to the peak of the Byzantine Empire.



The first volume is in two parts. The first examines the region in the Hellenistic period, when it was dominated by Celtic tribes who settled in the interior of Asia Minor in the first half of the third century BC The second covers the period of the Roman Empire and looks in detail at the changes brought about by imperial rule."Immediately takes it place as one of the best books about the eastern Roman empire....These two folio-sized volumes contain thousands of up-to-the-minute footnotes, eighteen excellent maps, and sixty-five photographs...as well as over a quarter of a million words of text. Amazingly, it is all very readable; even more amazing is that it is all worth reading."--Bryn Mawr Classical Review"Mitchell's excellent 2-volume work aptly fills important needs for the study of Anatolia....The writing is clear and often exciting, the arguments sound, and the supporting evidence more than ample....Will remain standard for many decades."--Choice...

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Hattians - First Civilizations in Anatolia

The Hattians were an ancient people who inhabited the land of Hatti in Asia Minor in the 3rd to 2nd millennia BC. They spoke a non-Indo-European language of uncertain affiliation called Hattic (now believed by some to be related to the Northwest Caucasian language group). They eventually merged with or were replaced by the Hittites, who spoke the Indo-European Hittite language.

Galatia: Celtic Anatolia

Ancient Galatia was an area in the highlands of central Anatolia in modern Turkey. Galatia was bounded on the north by Bithynia and Paphlagonia, on the east by Pontus, on the south by Lycaonia and Cappadocia, and on the west by the remainder of Phrygia, the eastern part of which the Gauls had invaded. The modern capital of Turkey, Ankara (ancient Ancyra), was also the capital of ancient Galatia.

Hittite Guitar of 3300 Years Ago

Hittite relief showing a figure holding an animal follows another figure that a bard plays a guitar-like instrument with a tassle. The left part is unfinished.

This is the earliest relief of guitar, andesit orthostat of imperial Hittite period, ca. 1430–1180 BC, found at Alaca, Çorum. Exhibited in the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations at Ankara.

Alacahöyük was inhabited since the Chalcolithic Age. Excavations show there were four layers of cultures of Chalcolithic, Old Bronze, Hittite and Phrygian ages. More on Hittites...

More on ancient music and cithara.