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Lyre Playing Apollo at Istanbul Museum

Lyre Playing Apollo at Istanbul Archaeology Museum

Apollo Citharoedus, Lyre Playing Apollo, the god of light, wisdom and reason. He is playing his lyre placed on a pedestal, in a group statues depicting the god Apollo and his muses, sources of inspiration, found at the Baths of Faustina in the ancient city of Miletus. It is dated to the 2nd century AD. Faustina was the daughter of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius and the wife of Emperor Marcus Aurelius. After her death, the famous baths of Miletus were named after her. At Istanbul Archaeology Museum, Turkey.



The cithara was an ancient Greek musical instrument in the lyre or lyra family. In modern Greek the word kithara has come to mean "guitar", a word whose origins are found in kithara. The kithara was a professional version of the two-stringed lyre. As opposed to the simpler lyre, which was a folk-instrument, the cithara was primarily used by professional musicians, called citharedes. More...

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Hittite Guitar of 3300 Years Ago

Hittite relief showing a figure holding an animal follows another figure that a bard plays a guitar-like instrument with a tassle. The left part is unfinished.

This is the earliest relief of guitar, andesit orthostat of imperial Hittite period, ca. 1430–1180 BC, found at Alaca, Çorum. Exhibited in the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations at Ankara.

Alacahöyük was inhabited since the Chalcolithic Age. Excavations show there were four layers of cultures of Chalcolithic, Old Bronze, Hittite and Phrygian ages. More on Hittites...

More on ancient music and cithara.